In this light, the two-word prescription for Iraq that Secretary of State Colin Powell has so far repeated -- "reinvigorate sanctions" -- is more ambitious than it sounds, while the hugely aggressive plan endorsed two years ago by Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld and his likely deputy, Paul Wolfowitz, which involved recognizing an alternative Iraqi government and providing it military cover to set up a headquarters in southern Iraq, sounds just as ambitious as it is. Both ideas would require radical reversals by unhappy allies such as Turkey and Jordan, and Secretary Powell would have to win over non- allies such as Syria and Russia too. Other options are more plausible but far weaker: The United Nations is due to resume talks with Iraq next month and could try to broker a deal that would end sanctions in return for Iraq's acceptance of new weapons inspections; some Europeans are suggesting a refocusing of sanctions on essentials, such as controlling Iraqi oil exports and stopping the import of militarily useful materials.
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