Since [Mikhail S. Gorbachev] came to power, the Soviet government has begun to tolerate performers like [Boris Grebenschikov]. Melodyia, the Soviet recording company, has even issued an album of Aquarius' music-a kind of official blessing. But Grebenschikov still has problems. Communist Party officials in Leningrad have so far failed to approve his request to travel to New York to record a commercial album.
A Politburo rebellion removed Khrushchev as Communist Party general secretary in 1964 and replaced him with Leonid I. Brezhnev. But Khrushchev's disgrace seems to have dissipated with the rise of Gorbachev. Many of Gorbachev's leading reformers, in fact, served in one way or another in Khrushchev's drive to ease the Stalinist controls on Soviet society.
PHOTO: Detail from [Anatoly Rybakov] A.A. painting that portrays a Soviet soldier home from World War II, with hand clamping his mouth shut. Artist attracts a crowd as he sketches a woman at Moscow Day festival, which was notable for its lack of rhetoric and red flags. / [Dan Fisher] / Los Angeles Times Moscow's Gorky Park shakes, rattles and rolls with rock music and dancing to celebrate Youth Day. The Kremlin's attitude toward rock performers has become far more liberal under Mikhail Gorbachev. / IRIS SCHNEIDER / Los Angeles Times Newlyweds celebrate in Red Square; behind is Spassky Tower. / GABY SOMMER / Reuters