By then, the true guilt or innocence of Dreyfus did not matter to them anyway. In their view, to agitate for Dreyfus, even an innocent Dreyfus, amounted to an attack on the honor of the army and of France itself.
Dreyfus, who spent four years and three months in detention and returned from Devil's Island an aged, white-haired, bony man, never seemed to waver from his faith in French justice. Many analysts insist that Dreyfus himself, had he been free, would never have joined the ranks of the Dreyfusards. [Jean-Denis Bredin], in his book, disputes this. But there is no doubt that Dreyfus, who never accused anyone of anti-Semitism in his case, believed in the army.
PHOTO: French sculptor [Louis Mitelberg] (TIM) next to his statue symbolizing Dreyfus case. Site for statue has stirred controversy. / SIDSEL RAMSON; DRAWING: Etching shows Dreyfus being stripped of his rank in 1895.