The second pressure may turn out to be more important. Many members of the UNESCO staff, nervous about their jobs since the United States withdrew from the agency at the end of last year, believe that only [Amadou-Mahtar M'Bow]'s resignation can save UNESCO and that only the French government, by turning African governments against M'Bow, can force him to quit.
Unless M'Bow leaves before his term expires at the end of 1987, according to this view, none of the industrialized countries will take any attempt at UNESCO reform seriously. But M'Bow, a former Senegalese minister of education, has rejected suggestions that he resign. He defiantly insists that the campaign against him and UNESCO is really a campaign against the Third World and blacks.
M'Bow also upset the French government, according to [Bernard Brigouleix], by recently demoting a French lawyer at UNESCO for giving him unwelcome advice. The lawyer had advised M'Bow against asking the World Court to force the U.S. government to pay another year's dues, based on a technicality. Later, when M'Bow failed to round up enough support for the lawsuit from member nations, he dropped the plan.