Already accused by liberals of reneging on the pledges of perestroika under pressure from the right, [Mikhail S. Gorbachev] must now contend with a fundamental challenge from conservatives both to his reform policies and, judging from [Ivan K. Polozkov]'s speech, to his leadership of the Communist Party.
At its meeting, the Central Committee removed one of its members, playwright Alexander Gelman, who already had left the party, and censured Stanislav S. Shatalin, who had been Gorbachev's economics adviser and was elected on Gorbachev's nomination. Shatalin, a self-described social democrat and an increasingly vocal critic of Gorbachev and the party, will be investigated by a party committee and probably expelled.
Radio Rossiya, which reflects the views of the Russian government under the populist Boris N. Yeltsin, said Gorbachev had complained to Leonid Kravchenko, the committee chairman, that its programs were "anti-Soviet," and Kravchenko had withdrawn its right to broadcast on major frequencies. The move is certain to add to the friction between Gorbachev and Yeltsin.