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AN EARLY RUSSIAN IMMIGRANTS' FARM SOBOTNIKS' BRAVE MALARIA IN HULA SWAMP
Jerusalem Post - Jerusalem
Author: Bar-Am, Aviva
Date: Sep 26, 1991
Start Page: 07
Section: Features
Abstract (Document Summary)

VISITORS passing through the lush and blooming village of Yesud Hama'ala in northern Israel may find it hard to imagine that this area was once only a deadly malaria-producing swamp without farms or flowers. In 1884, when persistent pioneers decided to establish the first Galilean settlement in more than 1,600 years, there was virtually nothing there.

The story of Yesud Hama'ala begins in 1883, with a search by representatives of a Polish-Russian fund for immigration for land to establish a community in the north. They were impressed with what seemed to be a lush area full of water near Lake Hula, and in 1884 seven families settled there.

Excellent farmers, the Dubrovins set up a model farm on the 600 dunams of land they purchased west of Yesud Hama'ala in 1909. They built houses for themselves and barns for their cattle. They planted fruit trees, and gardens, worked the fields, and even dug an antilla well (a system of bringing up water for the irrigation of fields) which operated on animal power.

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