Although open access is not a new concept, the all-embracing structural upheaval caused by digital technology is still turning academic publishing upside down. Study of Open Access Publishing, a project funded by the European Commission that ran from March 2009 to February 2011, found that 8%-10% of scholarly articles published worldwide now appear in fully or hybrid open access (OA) journals. OA, which advocates free access and substituting submission fees for subscriptions, is gaining traction worldwide. With the support of funding authorities, libraries, and scientific service institutions, scientists and scientific organizations see a transmutation of academic publishing from the current scheme into a science-centered open access system. Whether academics publish in OA or traditional journals, peer review remains an important issue to assure scientific quality. Information professionals need to pay attention to the experiments of not just the publishers but also the scientists whose attitudes and behaviors regarding academic and scholarly publishing are changing as well.
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