Mass digitization has become a prominent driver of potential copyright legislation. More recently, stakeholders were asked to submit comments on how best to develop a legislative framework for the creation of a pilot program for mass digitization. "Orphan Works and Mass Digitization" recommends the consideration of an extended collective licensing (ECL) program for certain mass digitization activities. To facilitate and ensure a diligent search for rightsholders, the Copyright Office suggests the use of collective management organizations (CMO). One of the key benefits of using CMOs that are appointed for "representing copyright owners in particular categories of works" would be to relieve users -- particularly libraries -- that are involved in mass digitization projects from the burden and expense associated with conducting a diligent search for each owner prior to undertaking such projects. Libraries and library-related associations are pretty adamant about not using an ECL system for mass digitization of any kind. However, the idea does have its supporters.
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