In July 1870, the copyright activities of deposit and registration were centralized in the Library of Congress (LC), but it wasn't until February 1897 that the US Copyright Office was established as a separate department of the LC, and the position of register of copyrights was established primarily for ministerial duties over copyright registration activities. The Copyright Act of 1976 has weathered most storms until recently. Attempting to quell this rising electronic infringement tide, in 1998, Congress passed the Digital Millennium Copyright Act, implementing two World Intellectual Property Organization treaties, limiting infringement liability for ISPs, and attempting to clarify the role of the Copyright Office. Two of the most recent hearings hold the most significance for the fate and future of the Copyright Office: this year's February 26 hearing, The US Copyright Office: Its Functions and Resources, and the April 29 one, The Register's Perspective on Copyright Review.
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