Ten years ago, open access (OA) seemed to be a cause looking for a revolution. Now it seems more like a condition in need of a serious solution. Born of mandates starting back in 2002 with the Budapest Open Access Initiative and climaxing last year with the landmark "Finch Report" in the UK and a White House directive from the Office of Science and Technology Policy, the dream of freeing up research published at public or foundation expense has turned into an administrative nightmare for the researchers, colleges, publishers, and librarians who must comply with the mandates in order for the promise of OA to be fully realized. As OA stands, various funding agencies require the recipients of grant funds to make the results of funded research publicly available either immediately upon publication or after a certain embargo period. The arrangement often requires someone to pay.
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